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Project topic: Deforestation

Project title: Pinsapar

Team: Salvemos el pinsapar

IES Fernando Savater   Jerez de la Frontera   Spain   5 Student’s age: 14-15 years old

Research question

How is the Spanish fir (Abies Pinsapo) in the Sierra de Grazalema and Serranía de Ronda responding to climate change?

Summary of the project

The Spanish firs of the Sierra de Grazalema and the Serranía de Ronda, one of the most unique ecosystems in southern Europe, are registering a movement towards higher areas of the mountain, according to a study carried out by the universities of Córdoba (UCO) and Granada (UGR), which has made it possible to verify how the ‘Abies pinsapo Boiss’ species has begun a movement at altitude to avoid its extinction.
The reason why they move is because they are looking for more favorable environmental conditions in a context of climate change.
We want to verify this last statement by doing our own research.

Main results and Conclusions
Poster of our research (in Spanish)

In the data of the normalized vegetation index of the last five years, a good state of the fir forest is observed, with a high degree of humidity throughout the year, and especially high in the winter months.
According to a study carried out by the universities of Córdoba (UCO) and Granada (UGR), the growth of the forest is registering a displacement towards higher areas of the mountain. This has allowed the ʻAbies pinsapo Boissʼ species to maintain good temperature and humidity conditions.

What’s Next? Actions to make a difference and help lessen the problem

We intend to visit the pinsapar to check if it is true that it is growing in the upper area and decreasing in the lower area.
Later we will show the results to the educational community, participating in a science fair. We will try to make people aware of this environmental problem.

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Project poster:

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