This image shows the Białowieża Forest located on the border between Poland and Belarus. It is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the immense primeval forest that once stretched across the European plain and home to species that are extinct elsewhere and are vital for biodiversity. To the left and right of the forest, you can spot numerous rectangular shapes representing the fields used for agriculture by the nearby towns. The Białowieża Forest is visualized with the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Scientists use this index to monitor the health of vegetation. The darker green an area is – the healthier the vegetation. An increase in average annual air temperatures due to climate change poses a threat to healthy vegetation as heat and more droughts affect the soil and therefore the plants that grow in it.
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